The Answer is “Both”

“First, arguing over the extent to which nature or nurture is responsible for cross-cultural regularities, such as the apparent long-standing dominance of males as perpetrators and victims of violent acts, is a sterile exercise. The question makes no more sense than arguing about whether the length or the width of a rectangle makes a greater contribution to its area (Petrinovich 2000).”

From: Walker, P. L. (2001). A bioarchaeological perspective on the history of violence. Annual Review of Anthropology, 30, 573-596.

Petrinovich LF. 2000. The Cannibal Within. New York: de Gruyter.

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